Legislative Council 1921
January 8, 1921 to October 27, 1923
The First World War gave momentum to the growing demand for self-government
in British India. Therefore, the new
constitutional reforms, under the Montague-Chelmsford scheme, were introduced
by the British Government. The purpose of this reform scheme was to introduce
new system of Government in the Provinces with the name of “dyarchy”. This scheme was implemented through the
Government of India Act, 1919. The Government of India Act, 1915, had already
provided for the constitution of the Punjab Legislative Council instead of the
Councils of Lieutenant Governor. The first Punjab Legislative Council under the
1919 Act was constituted in 1921. The Council comprised 93 members1, seventy per cent
to be elected and rest to be nominated; and the term of the Council was fixed
as three years. Previously (till 1920), the Lieutenant Governor presided over
the meetings of the Council, and for the first time, a nominated person (designated
as President), and in his absence, an elected person (designated as Deputy
President) was to preside the meetings of the Council2. The first Punjab
Legislative Council had held 98 meetings when the Lieutenant Governor dissolved
the Council on October 27, 1923 after completion of its tenure3.
Legislative Council, January 8, 1921, pages 5-6.
2See section 20, Government of India Act, 1919.
3Proceedings, Punjab Legislative Council, October 27, 1923, page 387.